Microbiology Research Journal International https://journalmrji.com/index.php/MRJI <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Microbiology Research Journal International (ISSN:&nbsp;2456-7043)</strong> is dedicated to publish research papers, reviews, and short communications in all areas of Microbiology such as virology, mycology, parasitology, bacteriology, clinical microbiology, phycology, parasitology, protozoology, microbial physiology, immunology, microbial genetics, medical microbiology, microbial pathogenesis and epidemiology disease pathology and immunology, probiotics and prebiotics</p> en-US contact@journalmrji.com (Microbiology Research Journal International) contact@journalmrji.com (Microbiology Research Journal International) Tue, 02 Mar 2021 09:16:02 +0000 OJS http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Bacteriological Profile of Campylobacter SPP Isolated from Pigs in Cameroon: A Review https://journalmrji.com/index.php/MRJI/article/view/30283 <p><em>Campylobacter</em> is the most frequent bacteria implicated in acute gastroenteritis in the industrialized world and is considered as a major public health problem. The aim of this review is to improve our knowledge on the bacteriological profile of <em>Campylobacter</em> isolated from pigs. Porks, beef also represent sources of infection with these microorganisms. <em>Campylobacter</em> is a bacterium comprising seventeen species, including <em>Campylobacter jejuni</em>, <em>Campylobacter coli</em> and <em>Campylobacter fetus</em>. <em>C</em>. <em>coli</em> is the most common <em>Campylobacter</em> species recovered from pigs. The prevalence (46%, 52%, 75%) varies from one country to another, from the collection site.&nbsp; <em>C</em>. <em>jejuni</em> and <em>C</em>. <em>coli</em>&nbsp; grows best in a low oxygen or microaerophilic environment. The virulence markers varies among different sources of the isolates. The majority of genes were found at high levels in <em>Campylobacter</em> spp. isolated from pork meat (<em>csr</em>A, <em>sod</em>B, <em>cdt</em>B, and <em>rac</em>R). Moreover, this review revealed virulent properties of <em>Campylobacter</em> isolated from swine products and high resistance rates to Tetracycline (68%), Erythromycin (61%), which may represent difficulties in campylobacteriosis treatment. Fluoroquinolones resistance (2.2%, 7%, 11%,100%) varies according to the country and the source of the sample. It will be wise to insist on hygenic measures as a solution to limit the incidence of <em>Campylobacter</em> and prevent dissemination of pathogens in animals (chicken, pork and beef) within slaughter-houses/ killings Cameroon.</p> Serge Damase Oyong Assiene, Esther Ngah, Dieudonné Ndjonka ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalmrji.com/index.php/MRJI/article/view/30283 Thu, 31 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000