https://journalmrji.com/index.php/MRJI/issue/feed Microbiology Research Journal International 2021-03-08T12:49:16+00:00 Microbiology Research Journal International contact@journalmrji.com Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Microbiology Research Journal International (ISSN:&nbsp;2456-7043)</strong> is dedicated to publish research papers, reviews, and short communications in all areas of Microbiology such as virology, mycology, parasitology, bacteriology, clinical microbiology, phycology, parasitology, protozoology, microbial physiology, immunology, microbial genetics, medical microbiology, microbial pathogenesis and epidemiology disease pathology and immunology, probiotics and prebiotics</p> https://journalmrji.com/index.php/MRJI/article/view/30283 Bacteriological Profile of Campylobacter SPP Isolated from Pigs in Cameroon: A Review 2021-03-08T12:49:16+00:00 Serge Damase Oyong Assiene assienesergeo@yahoo.fr Esther Ngah Dieudonné Ndjonka <p><em>Campylobacter</em> is the most frequent bacteria implicated in acute gastroenteritis in the industrialized world and is considered as a major public health problem. The aim of this review is to improve our knowledge on the bacteriological profile of <em>Campylobacter</em> isolated from pigs. Porks, beef also represent sources of infection with these microorganisms. <em>Campylobacter</em> is a bacterium comprising seventeen species, including <em>Campylobacter jejuni</em>, <em>Campylobacter coli</em> and <em>Campylobacter fetus</em>. <em>C</em>. <em>coli</em> is the most common <em>Campylobacter</em> species recovered from pigs. The prevalence (46%, 52%, 75%) varies from one country to another, from the collection site.&nbsp; <em>C</em>. <em>jejuni</em> and <em>C</em>. <em>coli</em>&nbsp; grows best in a low oxygen or microaerophilic environment. The virulence markers varies among different sources of the isolates. The majority of genes were found at high levels in <em>Campylobacter</em> spp. isolated from pork meat (<em>csr</em>A, <em>sod</em>B, <em>cdt</em>B, and <em>rac</em>R). Moreover, this review revealed virulent properties of <em>Campylobacter</em> isolated from swine products and high resistance rates to Tetracycline (68%), Erythromycin (61%), which may represent difficulties in campylobacteriosis treatment. Fluoroquinolones resistance (2.2%, 7%, 11%,100%) varies according to the country and the source of the sample. It will be wise to insist on hygenic measures as a solution to limit the incidence of <em>Campylobacter</em> and prevent dissemination of pathogens in animals (chicken, pork and beef) within slaughter-houses/ killings Cameroon.</p> 2020-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##