Isolation of Fluoroquinolones Resistant Salmonella spp. from Stool Samples of Patients Attending General Hospital Minna and Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida Specialist Hospital, Minna, Nigeria
Microbiology Research Journal International,
Typhoid fever continues to be a major health problem despite the use of antibiotics and the development of newer antibacterial drugs. This study aim was to isolate fluoroquinolones resistant Salmonella spp from stool samples of informed and consenting patient attending General Hospital and Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida Specialist Hospital in Minna Niger State Nigeria. A total 450 stool samples were collected from the Hospital. The results showed that 69 (30.4%) of the sample collected were positive for Salmonella species. On the basis of age children within the age range of 0-10 recorded the highest prevalence of 22.7% followed by age range 51-60 having the prevalence of 19.4%, age range >60 had the prevalence of 16.7% and age range 21-30 and 11-20 had a similar prevalence of (10.1% and 10.3% respectively) while age range 31-40 had the least prevalence of 7.8%. There were 69 isolates of Salmonella species Identified, 65(94.2%) were Resistant to the antibiotics used. The highest resistance was shown to Pefloxacin 62 (89.9%) and the lowest was shown to Ciprofloxacin 27 (39.1%). Salmonella species exhibited 52 antibiotic resistant patterns for the ten antibiotics tested with multiple antibiotic resistance index (MARI) ranging from 0.3-1.0. Molecular analysis was carried out on 5 representative isolates to identify their strains. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay showed the identified Salmonella strains were Salmonella enterica subsp. arizonae strain ATCC 13314, Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Typhi strain 2018K-0756, Salmonella bongori strain SL18, Salmonella bongori strain GH3Rp and Salmonella enterica subsp. arizonae strain ATCC 13314, they all showed resistance to fluoroquinolones.
- typhoid fever
How to Cite
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