Main Article Content
Water is an essential resource for life on earth and is the source of several microbiological and toxicological diseases. The Aguégués one of the communes of the lower valley of Ouémé-Benin are very exposed to these type of diseases. Pathogens swarm in a highly polluted environment because of the peculiarity of this predominantly aquatic area. This is what justifies this research, which aims to assess the quality of drinking water for the populations of the Commune des Aguégués. The research technique focused on the field survey which made it possible to identify the different sources of water supply used by the population. Likewise, the physico-chemical and bacteriological quality of these water sources has been determined. These research techniques have made it possible to discover that the population of Aguégués uses several sources of water. Apart from the recommended sources (National Water Company of Benin and Village Water Supply) the populations use other sources of water. These are rainwater consumed in the rainy season by 97% of the households surveyed, surface water used by 78.26% of the population, especially during flood periods for various uses. Physico-chemical and bacteriological analyzes have shown that apart from SONEB waters only available in the districts of Zoungamey and Houédomey, the other sources of water have parameters which do not comply with WHO standards. This justifies the prevalence of diarrheal diseases in the study environment, which represents the second cause of consultation in health centers.
Dovonon Fabien. Chemical quality of the groundwater in the town of dassa-zoume (benin): Health impacts of non-standard fluoride levels and trials with bovine calcine treatment. Doctoral Thesis of the University of Abomey-Calavi; 2011.
Dégbey C, Makoutodé M, Agueh V, Dramaix M, de Brouwer C. Factor associated with the quality of well water and the prevalence of water borne diseases in the Municipality of Abomey-Calavi in Benin. 2011;78.
Landéou RC, Akpoyètè DH, Azonhe T, Houssou CS. Consequences of poor management of excret a humans and domestic wastewater on the environment and human health in the municipality of Dassa-Zoumè. Beninese Center for Scientific and Technical Research 03 BP 1665 [email protected]; 2019. ISBN: 978 - 99982-929-0-1.
Rodier J. DUNOD water analysis. Paris, France. 2009;1579.
Lagnika M. Fauna diversity and quality of water from wells in the Communes of Lokossa, Parakou and Pobè in Benin. Unique Doctoral Thesis of the University of Abomey-Calavi, ED / FAST / UAC, Abomey-Calavi. 2015;244.
Derwich E, Benaabidate L, Zian A, Sadki O, Belghity D. Physicochemical characterization of the waters of the upper Sebou alluvial aquifer downstream from its confluence with wadifes. Larhyss Journal. 2010;08:101-112. ISSN: 1112-3680. © 2010 All rights reserved.
Gomez C, Edorh AP, Totin H, N’Bessa B. Indicator of bacteriological pollution of five-well drinking water in Itcha-Ifèd Country in the Hills Department of Benin. 2009;99-108.
Howard G, Bartram J. Domestic water quantity, service level and health. Geneva, WHO. 2003;33.
Ayokpon Nicolas. Study of the environmental determinants of hydro-faecal danger in the commune of Sô-AVA in 2016, Master Thesis CIFRED; 2016.
Totin Henri. Sensitivity of groundwater in the Benin coastal sedimentary basin to climate change and method of exploitation: Sustainable management strategy. Single Doctoral Thesis, EDP / FLASH / UAC. 2010;283.
Odoulami Léocadie. The problem of drinking water and human health in the city of Cotonou. Unique Doctoral Thesis, EDP, UAC, FLASH. 2009;230.
Aissi Jean. Impacts of household waste on the quality of the water table in Cotonou. Final Thesis, Polytechnic University College, University of Abomey-Calavi in APE. 1992;85.
Chippaux JP, Houssier S, Gross P, Bouvier C, Brissaud F. Study of the pollution of groundwater in the city of Niamey. Bull Soc Pathol Exot. 2002;119-123.
Goodman L, Segreti J. Infectious diarrhea. Dis Mon. 1999;298.
Yèhouénou Pazou AE. Residues of synthetic chemical pesticides in the waters, sediments and aquatic species of the Ouémé river basin and Lake Nokoué. Unique Doctoral Thesis, University of Abomey-Calavi. 2005;217.