Assessment of Biofilm Formation among the Clinical Isolates of Escherichia coli in a Tertiary Care Hospital

Main Article Content

Bedobroto Biswas
Naik Shalini Ashok
Deepesh Nagarajan
Md Zaffar Iqubal

Abstract

Aims: Identification and grading of the Escherichia coli according to their biofilm production capability.

Study Design:  Cross-sectional study.

Place and Duration of Study: This was conducted in Department Microbiology at M.S. Ramaiah Medical college and Hospital, Bengaluru from March 2017 to August 2017.

Methodology: A total of 55 non repetitive Escherichia coli isolates were identified from various clinical samples like urine, pus ,tissue and peritoneal fluids .All the organisms were isolated in pure culture and biofilm formation was detected in vitro by Gold standard TCP (Tissue culture plate) method. Organisms were incubated for an extended period of 48 hours and the biofilms were detected by acetone alcohol elution method. Organisms were categorized as strong, moderate, weak and no biofilm producers based on the obtained OD value of the elute.

Results: Majority of the isolates of Escherichia coli were obtained from catheterized urine culture (67.03%) followed by pus (25.50%).Most of the isolates were capable of forming biofilm in vitro by tissue culture plate method except a few (9.1%). 40% of the isolates were strong biofilm formers which had >4 ODC. 25.5% showed medium biofilm-forming capability and rest 25.5% showed weak biofilm formations in vitro.

Conclusion: The ability to form biofilm from a species can give us a better understanding of the biofilm-related infections pertaining to the particular group. Detection of biofilms remains a most important determinant to approximate the incidence of such infections. Categorization of organisms according to their biofilm formation may help us understand the frequency of biofilm-associated infections, and thus take necessary precautions to avoid the problem. Further studies involving the detection of biofilm may be conducted and the tests can be implemented in routine diagnostic microbiology to assess the usefulness of the methods in detection of biofilm-related infections.

Keywords:
Escherichia coli, biofilm, Foley’s catheter, tissue culture plate.

Article Details

How to Cite
Biswas, B., Shalini Ashok, N., Nagarajan, D., & Iqubal, M. Z. (2020). Assessment of Biofilm Formation among the Clinical Isolates of Escherichia coli in a Tertiary Care Hospital. Microbiology Research Journal International, 30(1), 26-32. https://doi.org/10.9734/mrji/2020/v30i130187
Section
Original Research Article

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